TIC DIALOGUE WITH SIMON SENZON AND JOE FOLEY

This is the first dialogue in the new series produced by THE INSTITUTE CHIROPRACTIC (TIC). Each TIC DIALOGUE preview is available for one and all. By joining the new Institute or TIC, you get access the full dialogue and a great deal more. Membership includes dozens of video lectures, audio content, rare archives, and a social network. You also get access to members discounts on online continuing education credits.

EPISODE ONE

Simon Senzon talks with Joe Foley about several of Joe’s recent papers on D.D. Palmer’s life and writings. Dr. Foley is one of the leading authorities on D.D. Palmer’s books. His research is helping to reshape the discipline of history in chiropractic.

THE WRITINGS OF JOE FOLEY, DC, FICA, FICPA

  • Foley J,M. D.D. Palmer’s Second Book The Chiropractor 1914-Revealed. Chiro Hist. 2016;36(2):72-86.
  • Foley, J.M (w/ Valdivia, J.) T4 vs C2: Examining the conflicting statements of D.D. Palmer and B.J. Palmer regarding the Harvey Lillard adjustment. Chiro Hist. 2016;35(2):68-79.
  • Foley, J.M. Book Review: An early history of chiropractic; The Palmers and Australia by Rolf Peters. Chiro Hist.  2016;35(2):93.
  • Foley J.M. (w/ Faulkner, T.) The Science, Art and Philosophy of Chiropractic by D.D. Palmer: Identification and Rarity of Editions in Print with a Survey of Original Copies. Chiro Hist. 2015;35(1):36-45.
  • Foley J,M. D.D. Palmer and Phrenology. Chiro Hist. 2011;31(1):49-58.
  • Foley J,M. D.D. Palmer and Phrenology, letter to the editor. Chiro Hist. 2011;31(2):7-9.
  • Foley J,M. The Founder of Chiropractic Consistently Kept Things Secret. Chiro Hist. 2005;25(2):47-48.
  • Foley J,M. A Brief glimpse into the Early Life of Dr. Dave Palmer. Chiro Hist. 2003;23(1):33-38.

(Reprinted by permission of the Association for the History of Chiropractic.)

DD Palmer’s Books Were Inspired by Conflict

DD Palmer’s books were primarily a response to his critics, students, and colleagues. His three books were published in 1906, 1910, and 1914. Each of DD Palmer’s books represent distinct sets of ideas and conflicts. In fact, all were inspired by conflict.

One of the reasons I haven’t blogged in a while is because my time has been filled with studying DD’s collected works and the ideas that grew from them.

I decided that instead of waiting until the new program is launched I would just start blogging about my latest findings. A few ideas at a time.

Volume 1 of DD Palmer’s Books

I knew that BJ Palmer published Volume 1 of the chiropractic greenbooks after he and DD split their partnership. BJ kept both of their names on it as coauthors. They announced the book in January 1906, so they obviously started it together. According to Faulkner and Foley the two foremost scholars on Volume 1, DD was fully behind the book until the trial and all that ensued thereafter. He announced that he was leaving chiropractic and so BJ went ahead with the book, which was what his father originally wanted.

How much of the book was actually written by DD Palmer? That was my question. (Or one of them!)

In order to figure out this puzzle I read everything DD Palmer wrote prior to May 1906 when he split with BJ and headed to Oklahoma. Then I read a first edition of Volume 1. Thankfully google books has one available.  The later editions were published in 1910 and 1917. Those do not have DD’s name listed as author! BJ edited those editions and added new content.

What I discovered was pretty amazing. They hired a college professor to arrange the book. He took most of DD’s writings from their journal The Chiropractor. DD wrote articles in every issue from December 1904 until April 1906 when he was jailed for 23 days. I determined that most of the content in the book was indeed written by DD. Some of it was written as far back as 1899. Articles from other authors were used as well.

Authors of Volume 1

Some of DD’s Main Chapters

  • Chiropractic Rays of Light
  • Chiropractic Versus Therapeutics
  • Innate Intelligence
  • Luxations of the Bones Cause Disease
  • The Body is Heat By Nerves
  • Chiropractic Versus Osteopathy

Inspired by Conflict

DD really started writing in 1905. We can attribute his burst of scholarship to conflict. That was the year AP Davis published his first book on a new method called Neuropathy. Davis, an 1898 graduate from Palmer’s school, combined osteopathy, chiropractic, and several other methods. Historian Gaucher-Peslherbe wrote, “It got Palmer back to work again.”

DD did not want Davis’ theories to be the published word on his child, chiropractic. All of DD Palmer’s books were inspired by similar events and conflicts.

As you can see from two of the chapters above, he also wrote about chiropractic versus therapeutics and osteopathy. Conflict.

A Preview

In 1909, DD was settled in Portland, Oregon. He started a new journal called The Chiropractor Adjuster. His goal was to adjust the misconceptions about chiropractic in the field.  Several of the issues are preserved in the Palmer archives. Like all of DD Palmer’s books, the 1910 book was a collection of writings.

What I found amazing was that even though the 1910 book goes on to criticize many of the chiropractors of the day, the main person DD attacked during 1909 was his son. There were many reasons for this conflict. The criticisms were aimed at BJ’s first two books: Volumes 2 and 3. The books were published in 1907 and 1908. Perhaps DD got them from BJ’s students who lived in Portland.

From my reading of these criticisms it seems that DD was angry. So angry in fact, that he obviously misunderstood several of BJ’s new theories including Intellectual Adaptation and recoil.

Both Palmers developed new ideas because of this conflict. DD developed his theory of impingement in 1909. BJ introduced his theory of cord pressures in 1910.

More to Come

I will follow up very soon with more blog posts on the conflicts that inspired DD Palmer’s books. Again, my plan is to share a bit of what I am learning as I go. I hope you find this useful and helpful. Please feel free to comment and share it.

I have heard people say that these historical events are not relevant anymore or don’t matter for various reasons. They are relevant because the foundation of the chiropractic paradigm was established in these writings. DD was forced to refine and develop his ideas in significant ways. And of course, the history of chiropractic has been shaped by conflict ever since. If we are ever to move forward as a profession we need to learn from history.

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